Utah Statewide Needs Assessment: Domestic Violence, Sexual Violence and Human Trafficking – 2022 Report

Download the 2022 Report

UNA Final Report 2022 High Resolution

UNA Final Report 2022 Low Resolution

“There is a need to respond to violence in the state of Utah. The overall perception of domestic violence, sexual violence and human trafficking in Utah are that conditions have worsened, the physical violence has become even more deadly. While participants of this study described a growth in local response, they illuminated how silence and the culture of Utah continues to create challenges for survivors… Across the state of Utah, domestic violence organizations conduct a Lethality Assessment Program (LAP). Between 2016 and June 2021, 24,202 LAP screenings were conducted. It was found during the last two years of LAP screenings that 3,653 cases faced high danger (Utah Domestic Violence Coalition 2022). Similar data shows that rape is the only violent crime in Utah with a rate higher than the national average. Research conducted by Dr. Melton illuminates that 40% of CODIS (Combined DNA Index System) hits are serial offenders… Human trafficking is under-reported and more difficult to identify. In 2020, there were also 182 victims of human trafficking identified in the state from the National Human Trafficking Hotline (n.d.) and 1,413 cases 2017 to 2020. Although victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, and human trafficking experience these forms of abuse specifically, they oftentimes may intersect in the form of polyvictimization where a survivor may experience multiple forms of abuse in their lifetime. This report reflects the tip of the iceberg.”

Fukushima, A.I. (2022). Utah Statewide Needs Assessment: Domestic Violence, Sexual Violence and Human Trafficking – 2022 Report. Salt Lake City, UT: Gender-Based Violence Consortium, University of Utah. https://gbvc.utah.edu/utah-state-wide-needs-assessment-2022/ 

Click through to read more about how marginalized communities experience violence, community needs, and the recommendations to address violence.

#domesticviolenceawareness #sexualviolence #humantrafficking #genderbasedviolence #racialequity #communitybasedresearch

Gratitude to: Utah Domestic Violence Coalition, Restoring Ancestral Winds, Utah Coalition Against Sexual Assault (UCASA), DCFS, the survivors and experts who contributed to this study. As well as my students who supported the research – Mikaila Barker, Tony Chen, Mariah Montoya, and Sohyun Park University of Utah Gender-Based Violence Consortium.

Editorial: Anti-Trafficking Education: Sites of care, knowledge, and power

Annie Isabel Fukushima, Annie Hill, and Jennifer Suchland

Read full length editorial here: https://www.antitraffickingreview.org/index.php/atrjournal/article/view/573/424


Soon after the World Health Organization (WHO) discovered a mysterious coronavirus in Wuhan, China, in January 2020, the world faced a global pandemic. By July 2021, it was estimated that more than 196 million people were infected and more than 4 million had died, with untold global effects.[2] The pandemic led to governmental responses such as lockdowns, curfews, and other restrictions on movement that affected schools, services, businesses, families, and communities. Countries around the world wrestled with questions like: How to teach children learning from home?[3] Who counts as an essential worker?[4] How to deliver services when social systems are strained or in danger of collapse?[5] In this context, the anti-trafficking movement, composed of educators, activists, service providers, healthcare workers, and many others, faced demands for distanced connections utilising online learning, telehealth services, Massive Open Online Courses, virtual exchange, and other forms of digitally-mediated communication.[6]

During the pandemic, people began to understand ‘Zoom’ connections as part of an everyday lexicon where web-video meetings were a central form of communication. While some people saw the possibilities to radically alter and expand education, the pandemic also exacerbated neoliberal market pressures that privilege privatised teaching and learning, entrench the digital divide, and threaten local and Indigenous knowledge systems.[7] Additionally, it was apparent that vulnerable populations were rendered even more vulnerable due to economic instability, resource scarcity, and heightened conditions of exploitation, to name but a few of the pandemic’s effects.[8] And yet, at the same time, global uprisings for Black lives in the summer of 2020,[9] and protests against anti-Asian rhetoric and racism,[10] enabled many people to see that education is critical for challenging white supremacy and colonialism, including within the anti-trafficking movement.[11] In effect, education became highly visible due to the pandemic because everyone needed to know about the coronavirus and learn new ways to interact, communicate, work, and organise online, in-person, locally, and globally. Lessons from the pandemic regarding structural vulnerabilities, educational modalities, and radical possibilities for change must now be incorporated into the anti-trafficking movement, if it endeavours to challenge interlocking forms of exploitation and oppression occurring across the globe.

The aim of this Special Issue of the Anti-Trafficking Review is to catalyse a collective process of reflection on and evaluation of the current state and stakes surrounding education on human trafficking. The theme of the Special Issue emerged from conversations among the three guest editors several years ago, and it is even more urgent given the pandemic and its compounded effects. The three of us are scholars and educators who have long been invested in critical trafficking studies, albeit from different academic domains that include Ethnic Studies, Rhetoric, and Feminist Studies.[12] In our conversations, we shared similar concerns about the proliferation of education on human trafficking and how it was frequently framed as an assumed ‘good’ without critical reflection or evaluation. Today, anti-trafficking education extends well beyond the college classroom, accompanied by a significant rise in the sites and stakeholders offering educational resources, such as specialised curricula created for professionals in healthcare, social services, legal professionals, and law enforcement. In the United States, anti-trafficking education is also state-mandated for various people and professions, such as for truck drivers in Arkansas and Kansas;[13] hotel and motel employees in California;[14] staff at lodging establishments in Florida;[15] and law enforcement agents in Georgia[16] and Indiana.[17] Other states require youth to receive education on trafficking as part of a comprehensive sexual health education. In Southeast Asia, the ride-hailing company Grab is training its drivers to ‘spot victims’.[18] In the Indian state of Odisha, NGOs provided pre-migration training for female migrants as a means to prevent labour-related exploitation.[19] The argument for much anti-trafficking educational expansion is that people in diverse professions interact with trafficking survivors and those in trafficking situations but lack the knowledge to identify victims or provide assistance. Thus, increasing numbers of people are being trained and taught to take part in anti-trafficking initiatives on their own or in collaboration with police, victim services, and the criminal legal system.

Please cite this article as: A I Fukushima, A Hill, and J Suchland, ‘Editorial: Anti-Trafficking Education: Sites of care, knowledge, and power’, Anti-Trafficking Review, issue 17, 2021, pp. 1-18, https://doi.org/10.14197/atr.201221171.

Check out the full special issue here: https://www.antitraffickingreview.org/index.php/atrjournal/issue/view/28

Short articles

Forum on the Future of Comparative, Postcolonial and Decolonial Work

Comparative Work
Co-Leaders: Bo Wang & Jerry Won Lee

Postcolonial Work
Co-Leaders: Annie Isabel Fukushima & José Cortez

Decolonial Work
Co-Leaders: Lisa Flores & René Agustín De los Santos

Panel Discussion
Co-Leaders: Bo Wang, Jerry Won Lee, José Cortez, Annie Isabel Fukushima, René Agustín De los Santos, and Lisa Flores.

Important Dates:
Participation Acknowledgement due: September 1, 2021
Forum: October 1-2, 2021 (over Zoom)

Review of Migrant Crossings (published in HRQ)

Check it out community!

Migrant Crossings was reviewed by Verjine Adanalian published in Human Rights Quarterly.

Some highlights:

“In Migrant Crossings, as the title might suggest, Dr. Annie Isabel Fukushima sets the reader out to experience multiple crossings. In the literal sense, this work crosses through an impressive range of disciplines, including women’s and feminist studies, critical race and ethnic studies, sexuality studies, labor studies, legal studies, and sociology. In the figurative sense, Fukushima has the reader cross from this world into the spooky, abstract world through her “unsettled witnessing” of “ghosts” to her discussions of the “living dead.” By focusing on Asians and Latinx in the United States, Fukushima asks the reader to contemplate how migrants, and specifically victims of human trafficking, “cross into visibility legally, through frames of citizenship, and through narratives of victimhood.” Fukushima’s work is a significant contribution, especially as migration continues to be a hotly debated political and social issue—not only in the United States but worldwide…. Fukushima’s work should be celebrated for the wealth of knowledge and information it has managed to contain in less than 300 pages.”

Verjine Adanalian, Human Rights Quarterly, https://muse.jhu.edu/article/761343

American Sociological Association 2021 – Special Session

Missing and Murdered: Women of Color, Transgender, and Indigenous People
(Session Organizer) Annie Isabel Fukushima, University of Utah; (Presider) Annie Isabel Fukushima,
University of Utah

This thematic session grapples with a social phenomenon of missing and murdered people – in particular, how state‐based violence coheres with gender‐based violence in what is referred to as feminicidio, femicide, feminicide and murder. This session will offer an analysis through state comparisons; in particular, the Mexican and Guatemalan state’s response to feminicidio with that of the U.S. and Canadian state’s response to femicide, to underscore the role of the state in responding to the crisis of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. And in particular, what is known about death through the organizational responses, such as the Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability. This session will also provide an intersectional analysis that reconciles the complexity of sex/gender/sexuality systems as they relate to gender‐based violence and murder, through the exemplar of the murder of transgender people in the United States. Panelists answer the following questions: What are the patterns and phenomena that a sociology of gender may facilitate to better understand gender‐based violence that leads people to be considered “missing” or “murdered”? How do states respond to missing and murdered people, and what are the role of social structures, specialized and traditional justice systems in facilitating (in)action? How may sociological engagement with systems and social movements, through the subject of missing and murdered people, deepen methodology and sociological inquiry? This panel brings together leading social scientists whose contributions bridge together sociology of the law, transnational feminist theory, legal studies, feminist anthropology, and intersectionality. The panelists work from various methodological and analytical approaches.

  • Missing from the count: Visualizing the invisible victim in fem[in]icide data, Myrna Dawson, University of Guelph
  • Intersectionality and Impunity: A comparative analysis of feminicidio in Mexico and the crisis of missing and murdered Indigenous women in Canada, Paulina Garcia del Moral, University of Guelph
  • Guatemala and Mam indigenous refugee women, gender‐based violence and feminicidio, and access to justice in Guatemala and in U.S. immigration courts, Lynn Stephen, University of Oregon
  • Unequal Risk: Intersections of Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Murders of Transgender People, Laurel Westbrook, Grand Valley State University


University of Utah GBVC covered in the Salt Lake Tribune

Thank you to Becky Jacobs and the Salt Lake Tribune for covering the University of Utah’s Gender-Based Violence Consortium. So appreciative of the coverage to raise visibility about the consortium. Not only is it informational, but Jacobs shares resources for survivors who may be reading content and experiencing violence. Raising awareness as one is raising consciousness.

Visit the link to read the full article.

University of Utah researchers team up to study gender-based violence in state

by Becky Jacobs